President Donald Trump has presided over his first 9/11 commemoration in office, marking the 16th anniversary of the attacks.
He and first lady Melania observed a solemn moment of silence at the White House and later at the Pentagon.
Thousands are gathering nationwide to mark the deadliest attack on US soil.
Nearly 3,000 people died after hijackers crashed planes into New York’s World Trade Center, the Pentagon and a rural Pennsylvania field in 2001.
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The White House commemoration took place at the same time relatives of 9/11 victims, survivors, rescuers and others gathered at New York’s 9/11 memorial on Monday at 08:46 local time (12:46 GMT) to mark the exact time the first plane struck the World Trade Center’s North Tower.
The second plane slammed into the South Tower at 09:03.
The names of the 3,000 killed were being read aloud at the 9/11 Memorial and Museum as bells rang out in memory of the dead.
Each year on the anniversary, two light beams illuminate the sky in place of the two towers.
Mr Trump, a native New Yorker, appeared at the Pentagon to again observe a moment of silence at 09:37, when US officials say American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into the building.
Defence Secretary James Mattis and General Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, are also due to host a private ceremony at the Pentagon for relatives of the victims.
The fourth plane went down at 10:03 in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, where crew members wrestled hijackers for control of plane, forcing it down in a rural field instead of its intended target in Washington.
Vice-President Mike Pence and Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke will appear on Monday in Shanksville, where ground was broken a day before for a 93ft (28m) tower at the Flight 93 National Memorial.
The Tower of Voices will remember the 33 passengers and seven crew members who died on Flight 93.